Testicular cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in testicles (testes). The testicles are the male sex glands. These glands are in the scrotum, behind the penis and testicular cancer may occur in one or both glands. Testicles produce testosterone and other male hormones. Apart from that, they also produce and store sperm, the male cells needed for reproduction.
Testicular cancer affects the tissues in one or both testicles and is the most common cancer in men between the ages of 15 and 35. Despite this, it is relatively rare—about 1 in 263 males will develop testicular cancer during his lifetime.
In most instances, testicular cancer is curable provided it is recognized and treated in an early stage. Testicular cancer awareness is important since it is one of the most common cancers that affect young men. It is highly recommended that all young men should regularly check their testicles for any lumps or swelling. A healthy testicle usually feels firm and smooth when touched. It is quite normal for one testicle to be slightly bigger or to hang lower than the other. If you notice any changes, irregularities, lumps or swelling in your testicle, consult a doctor straight away.
When testicular cancer develops, there are chances that it might remain within the testicle or spread to the lymph nodes that are in the abdomen or pelvis. If it is not detected, diagnosed, and treated, testicular cancer can eventually even spread to the lungs, brain, liver, and other parts of the body. There are certain kinds of testicular cancer are more likely to spread than others. At the initial time of diagnosis, there are also a few frequent causes where cancer has already spread.
If your doctor suspects testicular cancer, an ultrasound is often the first test. After that, a blood test will likely be used to look for high levels of proteins called tumour markers that are produced by testicular cancers.