Ovarian cancer is the development of any cancerous growth in the ovaries; the ovaries is an organ in women and is an important part of the female reproductive system responsible for producing eggs and hormones. Like any cancer, the thought of ovarian cancer is very frightful for every woman. If ovarian cancer is not detected in its initial stages, it can become life threatening. One of the measures to treat Ovarian cancer can be the removal of the ovaries.

In recent times, Ovarian cancer leads to the highest number of deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system. Nevertheless, ovarian cancer if discovered in its early stages, treatment normally works well. There are obvious signs and symptoms associated with ovarian cancer, so it is important to carry out regular observation of the body to know if your body system is functioning normally on a personal basis. The obvious signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may be similar to those of other disease condition, but the best way to know is to see your health care professional.

 

Causes: Cancer is the disease of the body in which abnormal cells in the body grow out of control. Although we know that ovarian cancer, like many other types of cancer, is caused by cells dividing and multiplying in an unregulated way, it is still unclear why cancer of the ovary occurs.

 

Risk Factors: Below are risk factors that cause a higher chance of developing ovarian cancer;

  • Age: ovarian cancer can affect women of all ages, but women above the age of 60 are the most commonly affected.
  • Family history: women with inherited gene or family member diagnosed with this condition have a chance of developing Ovarian cancer.
  • Women who have never been pregnant or those with infertility issues also have a chance of developing this condition.
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): large doses of estrogen hormone replacement therapy have also been linked to the development of ovarian cancer.
  • Obesity or overweight: being overweight predisposes an individual to develop any cancer.
  • Women who develop endometriosis have been shown to have a higher occurance come of ovarian cancer.
  • Smoking.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome.

 

Prevention: There is no known specific way to prevent the occurrence of ovarian cancer, but some of these factors are associated with reducing  the risk of ovarian cancer.

  • The use of oral contraceptives or birth control pills for five years or more.
  • Previous childbirth.
  • Women who have had their tubes tied (tubal ligation), hysterectomy (the process of having the uterus, and usually the cervix removed) or had their ovaries severed.
  • Daily use of aspirin has also been seen to reduce the chances of developing ovarian cancer.
  • Some studies have indicated that breastfeeding can help to reduce the risk of coming down with ovarian cancer. For women who breastfeed for a year or more may have a modestly reduced risk of the condition.

These factors may be attributed to reducing the possibility of getting ovarian cancer, they may not be recommended for everybody, and there are obvious risk and benefits connected with each of these measures. Avoiding factors that will increase your risk of cancer is also advisable in lowering a woman’s chances to having ovarian cancer though it is not a guarantee that you will not develop cancer. It is also wise to see a physician for additional recommendations to reduce one’s risk of developing ovarian cancer.