The most common treatment for cancer is surgery. A professional surgeon will operate the body and remove any cancer from the body. First of all an n anesthesia is injected into the affected part of the body which will cause loss of feeling or awareness of the patient. After that the surgeons will use small knifes called scalpels tor to cut the body and remove the cancer cells from the body. However it is not possible to remove the entire cancer cells. After the surgery, it will take some time for the patient to get fully recovered. Nowadays with the advance technology there are new ways to perfume the surgery without the use of scalpels. These include Cryosurgery, laser treatment and Photodynamic Therapy.
- Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy or Radiotherapy requires high doses of radiation beams which are used to kill the cancer cells. There is a special kind of machine to perform the radiation therapy treatment. The machine emits high energy gamma rays to kill the cancer cells. This treatment slower the growth rate of the abnormal cancer cells in the body. However, it may damage the healthy cells in the body which are considered as a side effect of radiation therapy. The most common side effect is Fatigue.
Chemotherapy treatment can be used to cure cancer. It will slow the growth of cancer cells and may stop the growth rate in some cases. Moreover chemotherapy treatment can shrink the tumor present inside the affected part of the body. Chemotherapy treatment can kill fast growing cancer instantly. Infact the chemotherapy treatment can also slow the growth rate of the healthy cells present in the body which can cause side effects, such as mouth sores, nausea, and hair loss but the Side effects often get better after the Chemotherapy treatment.
The treatment helps the immune system to fight against cancer. The immune system naturally fights against infection and viruses in the body. It is also termed as biological therapy in which body naturally fights against diseases to protect the body. Although the treatment is not widely in use but it is approved to treat different types of cancer.
- Hormone therapy
Hormone therapy is a cancer treatment that slows the growth rate of the cancer cells which are using the hormone. In most of the cases these cells are linked to breast or prostate cancer. In breast cancer the treatment can reduce estrogen level while in a prostate cancer the treatment focuses on reducing testosterone level. In some cases Hormone therapy can also be used along with other cancer treatments. However, it depends on the type and stage of cancer.
In the conclusion, there are a few ways to prevent some of the cancers such as lung cancer or skin cancer. Skin cancer can be prevented by spending maximum time under a shade or using sun protection creams. Tobacco is the main cause of lung cancer; if you have decided to quit it then it may reduce the chance of getting the cancer. Moreover it’s necessary to have a medical check up on the regular basis which can avoid the risk of cancer being detected at a late stage. Regular checkups, blood tests Pap test are a few common methods to diagnose different types of cancer at early stage. There are several other ways to live a healthy life and avoid major diseases.
- Eat a healthy diet
- Do exercise regularly
- Do not smoke
- Reduce sugar intake