Ovaries are female reproductive glands and are also the main source of female hormones estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer was believed to begin only in ovaries, but recent researches have proved that the tumor may also start in the cells of fallopian tubes. For many years, the disease was known as ‘silent’ as it is difficult to notice the symptoms. The signs might confuse with other common problems, such as constipation.
Types of Ovarian Cancer
The type of ovarian cancer refers to three types of cells where the tumor develops. They are –
- Epithelial cells – covers the surface of the ovary.
- Germ cells – that makes the eggs
- Stromal cells – which makes the female hormones and holds the structure of your ovary together.
Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer
- Pain or cramps in the belly or pelvis.
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding.
- Nausea and bloating.
- Pain during sex.
- Constipation and digestion issue.
- Getting tired easily.
If any of the above symptoms persist for a month or been experienced regularly during a month’s time, then it is important that you must visit Premier Oncology and get yourself diagnosed.
Diagnosing Ovarian Cancer
At Premier Oncology, we perform various investigations to confirm the diagnoses of ovarian cancer. To begin with, we perform a pelvic exam and then followed by a rectovaginal exam. These two are physical exams and further imaging tests such as ultrasound and CT scans ensure more appropriate results.
A biopsy is a confirmed way to diagnose ovarian cancer which is performed by a gynecologic oncologist. The entire process of investigation may vary depends upon the patient’s condition. The process of biopsy usually involves surgery where the oncologist removes the suspected area and sends the same to a lab for testing. On suspicion, further tests like MRI or PET scans are performed.
On being diagnosed with ovarian cancer, the doctors at Premier Oncology suggest the treatment depending upon the severity and that may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, hormone therapy, etc.