Breast cancer is found in the tissue of the cell, where the cells may abruptly grow and form a tumor. It appears as a lump under the skin and is found on performing a mammogram. These breast lumps are benign, and therefore they are not life-threatening. But if left untreated, the cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body.
Symptoms of breast cancer –
- A lump near the breast.
- Swelling and shrinkage of one of the breasts.
- Automatic nipple discharge other than breast milk.
- Redness or thickening of the skin.
- Puckering or dimpling of the breast.
Are you at risk of getting breast cancer?
Breast cancer is commonly found among women. Women over the age of 50 years are prone to breast cancer.
Although a family history of the disease keeps you at a higher risk of it, only 5-10% of breast cancers are inherited. Along with gene mutation, several other risk factors boost the chances of getting breast cancer.
Diagnosing breast cancer –
- Post a clinical exam, a mammogram or another imaging test can diagnose the disease.
- A biopsy ensures breast cancer properly.
Types of breast cancer –
Among many types of breast cancer, ductal carcinoma is formed in the milk ducts. Few cancer cells start in the breast’s milk-producing lobules and are called lobular carcinoma. Cancer that begins in the breast’s connective tissues is referred to as a sarcoma, and the one that is developed in the skin of the nipple is called Paget’s disease.
Screening for breast cancer –
Premier Oncology recommends an annual clinical examination from the age of 25 yrs. and mammograms from 40 yrs. onwards. Additionally, whenever someone observes any variation in the nipple skin or lump in and around the breast, Premier Oncology recommends immediate examination at their premises by a healthcare professional.