Bone cancer is one of the most common cancers. Though very rare, they constitute 0.2% of all the cancers in the world. They are mostly malignant tumours in the bone forming cells of the bone marrow and can form in any major bones in the body. The primary bone cancers are called sarcomas. There are also non-cancerous tumours, completely harmless, but might contribute to the accumulating masses of malignant tumours in the body. Some masses go away by themselves and some need treatment. But there are some masses that might spread the malignancy to other parts of the body. Bone scans help to evaluate the location of bone cancer in the body.
Bone Cancers primarily occur in children and are also likely to mostly occur in people aged between 10 and 30. The symptoms include swelling and tenderness in the affected area, weakened bone, leading to fracture, unintended weight loss, and fatigue.
There is a range of types related to this cancer. Premier Oncology Consultants help understand the type and signs and diagnose accordingly, effectively. Chondrosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, osteosarcoma are some of the different types of bone cancers. Premier Oncology Consultants also help in providing emotional support that is most needed in every cancer survivor’s journey.
Diagnosing and treatment are easier when done at initial stages. While surgical treatment at this point removes the cancers easily, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are effective in treating sarcomas. Medication is generally used in providing relief or sometimes in treatment, depending upon the severity. Chemotherapy drugs or pain relievers are given to reduce pain and discomfort. Cytotoxic drugs help stop the growth of cancerous cells.
While there is no permanent way to lower the risk of bone cancer, nutritional supplements besides a healthy diet and strict fitness routine help minimize the risk or fight the cancer.